Amalur is the name in Basque means "Mother Earth". In the legends of the Basque people, Earth, Ama-Lurra, is the main deity. The Earth appears as carrier of all living beings, possessing own vital force that created our natural environment. The Earth is a huge vessel, an unlimited receptacle, where the souls of the dead live and most mythological characters. Faith in Ama-Lurra is very old in prior to the invasion of the Indo-European peoples Basque people. Teluria is related to the Earth cult, energies that come from inside the earth, come, circulating and continuously emanating from the earth's surface.
Mari is a feminine numen in the form of an elegant and wonderful lady, endowed with a mysterious and fascinating power, which in turn is an idyllic source of inspiration. It is the most important genius of Basque mythology, being a tectonic mythological character lives underground, and comes to the surface by caves and chasms. Most of the time she shows herself in the form of a beautiful woman, personifies the forces of nature, and with her power, gives balance to these. It is the feminine personification of the earth, the queen of Nature and all its components. As a goddess she has the capacity to impose justice, severely punishing men who act with evil, defender of honesty and very severe with injustice. Among its missions is to punish lies, theft, pride, not to comply with the given word, not respect people and arrogance, but rewards the help of others, succor its followers but punishes those who do not believe in her.
Etxe is from the point of view of Basque symbolic anthropology is the house or hamlet, reconstituted the cave of the Goddess Mari, whose representation was the Etxekoandre or Lady of the house. The Basque club is radical, elementary and absolutely matriarchal-feminine, because it is both time and space of communion of the living and the dead, dwelling and burial, temple and cemetery and place of life (procreation and birth) and death (death, burial and remembrance).
Etxekoandre is the reflection of Mari, his symbolic incarnation and the mother soul of the house, his representative at home and chief minister of domestic worship, presides over the acts of remembrance of the dead preaching the naturalistic ethics of Mari's religion.
Adur in the Basque mythology is the luck or tendency that designates the power to do things at a distance, own fundamentally of the witches and magicians. We humans also have it and it serves to dominate the mythological beings.
Aatxe are the troglodyte deities that adopt the form of bull or cow.
Tartalo is an anthropomorphic cyclops, gigantic, with only one eye in the middle of his forehead with anthropophagic customs and terrifying behavior. It is perverse, of wild instincts and very aggressive. It feeds on sheep, children and even adults from time to time. It lives in the mountains and its size is huge as is its strength.
Basajaun is Lord of the Forest, a character of Basque mythology of prodigious size and strength, that the first inhabitants of those lands found inhabiting the most remote mountains and forests. Is credited with the responsibility to transmit to humans the secrets of agriculture (for example, the cultivation of wheat), manufacture and use of tools such as the saw and mill or ironwork.
Aizpak is the concept of sister, very common in Basque mythology, allowing the multiplication of the personality of mythological figures.
Zaldi is the Godhead who often adopts the form of a horse blue.
Etsai means devil and enemy; also a genius who makes an appearance, performing functions of teaching in the caves. This underground genius soon taught the sciences, arts and letters, making competition to universities. The payment demanded his disciples by teaching and accommodation, after studies was to stay as his captive forever one, ie, one in whom recayera this fate in the Txotx-Ala- Motx, game that wins who takes the mainmast of several presenting them to the players.
Aideko is the ghost of Basque mythology, which is responsible for causing diseases whose natural causes are ignored by humans. It is something like shape or figure of fog, nebula. It is a spirit whose figure is vague and indefinite, perhaps an animistic projection of the mist or of the air itself. This genius is most of the time negative and hinders human actions, but at certain times it can help us.
Sorgin is the Basque witch, occupied a role analogous to that of other indigenous shamans from different latitudes. They were the ones who knew the secrets of procreation and birth and, therefore, did the work of midwives. They also knew the secrets of plants and their medicinal uses, so they also played the role of healers. Also because of their connection with the spiritual world they served as counselors, oracles and priestesses.
Deabru is the evil spirit in the Christian sense; genie kidnapper of souls, which adopts multiple forms.
Begizko is the evil eye, or aojamiento; a mythological superstitious phenomenon of evil force in which certain people have the capacity to produce damages, misfortunes, illnesses and even reach the death of others through the eyes.
Eguzkilore is the flower that protects the Basques. Humble, but powerful, protective flower that for many centuries, no doubt millennia, has been responsible for defending the houses of the Basques.
Gods of Basque mythology